Solo per i tuoi occhi… L’oggettivazione sessuale in un’ottica psicosociale

Calogero, R.M. (2011). Operationalizing self-objectification: Assessment and related methodological issues. In R. Calogero, S. Tantleff-Dunn, & J.K. Thompson (Eds.), Self-objectification in women: Causes, consequences, and counteractions (pp. 23–49). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Calogero, R.M., & Jost, J.T. (2011). Self-subjugation among women: Exposure to sexist ideology, self-objectification, and the protective function of the need to avoid closure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 211-228. 

Calogero, R.M., Tantleff-Dunn, S., & Thompson, J.K. (2011). Objectification theory: An introduction. In R.M. Calogero, S. Tantleff-Dunn, & J.K. Thompson (Eds.), Self-objectification in women: Causes, consequences, and directions for research and practice (pp. 3-21). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Censis, (2006). Women and Media in Europe (Libro Bianco). Roma: Editore Colombo.

Clark, P. M., Murnen, S. K., & Smolak, L. (2010). Development and psychometric evaluation of a quantitative measure of “fat talk”. Body Image, 7, 1–7. 

de Beauvoir, S. (1949). Le Deuxième Sexe. Paris: éd. Gallimard.

Di Nuovo, S. (1995). La meta-analisi. Fondamenti teorici e applicazioni nella ricerca psicologica. Roma: Borla.

Dohnt, H.K. & Tiggemann, T. (2006). Body image concerns in young girls: The role of peers and media prior to adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 141–151.

Franzoi, S.L. (1995). The body-as-object versus the body-as-process: Gender differences and gender considerations. Sex Roles, 33, 417-437.

Fredrickson, B.L., & Roberts, T.A. (1997). Objectification theory: Toward understanding women’s lived experiences and mental health risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, 173–206.

Fredrickson, B.L., Roberts, T.A., Noll, S. M., Quinn, D.M., & Twenge, J.M. (1998). That swimsuit becomes you: Sex differences in self-objectification, restrained eating, and math performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 269-284.

Gapinski, K.D., Brownell, K.D., & LaFrance, M. (2003). Body objectification and ‘‘fat talk”: Effects of emotion, motivation and cognitive performance. Sex Roles, 48, 377–388.

Glick, P., & Fiske, S.T. (1996). The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 491–512. 

Glick, P., & Fiske, S.T. (2001). An ambivalent alliance: Hostile and benevolent sexism as complementary justifications for gender inequality. American Psychologist, 56, 109 –118. 

Grabe, S., Ward, M.L., & Hyde, J.S. (2008). The role of the media in body image concerns among women: A meta-analysis of experimental and correlational studies. Psychological Bulletin, 134, 460–476. 

Groesz, L. M., Levine, M. P., & Murnen, S. K. (2002). The effect of experimental presentation of thin media images on body satisfaction: A meta-analytic review. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 31, 1–16. 

Gruenfeld, D.H., Inesi, M.E., Magee, J. C., & Galinsky, A.D. (2008). Power and the objectification of social targets. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 111–127. 

Heflick, N.H. & Goldenberg, J.L. (2009). Objectifying Sarah Palin: Evidence that objectification causes women to be perceived as less competent and less fully human. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 598–601.

Heflick, N.A., Goldenberg, J.L., Cooper, D.P., & Puvia, E. (2011). From women to objects: Appearance focus, target gender, and perceptions of warmth, morality and competence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47,572-581.

Lemma, A. (2010). Under the skin: A psychoanalytic study of body modification. London: Routledge.

Loughnan, S., Haslam, N., Murnane, T., Vaes, J., Reynolds, C., & Suitner, C. (2010). Objectification leads to depersonalization: The denial of mind and moral concern to objectified others. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 709-717.

Liss, M.J., Erchull, M.J. & Ramsey, L.R. (2011). Empowering or oppressing? Development and exploration of the enjoyment of sexualization scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 55–68.

Martins, Y., Tiggemann, M., & Kirkbride, A. (2007). Those speedos become them the role of self-objectification in gay and heterosexual men's body image. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 634-647.

Miner-Rubino, K., Twenge, J.M., & Fredrickson, B.L. (2002). Trait self-objectification in Women: Affective and personality correlates. Journal of Research in Personality, 36, 147–172.

Moradi, B., & Huang, Y.P. (2008). Objectification and psychology of women: A decade of advances and future directions. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 32, 377-398.

Nazioni Unite-United Nations (1995). Harmful traditional practices affecting the health and women of children: Fact sheet No.23. Geneva, Switzerland: Author.

Autore/i dell'articolo


Keep me updated about new In-Mind articles, blog entries and more.