“Come ne esco?”… Le strategie di gestione dell’identità sociale negativa

Errore Fondamentale di Attribuzione: detto anche bias di corrispondenza, rappresenta la tendenza sistematica dei soggetti ad attribuire la causa di un comportamento esclusivamente alla persona che lo mette in atto (attribuzione disposizionale), sottostimando l'influenza che l'ambiente o il contesto può avere nel determinare tale comportamento (attribuzione situazionale). Vi è quindi una tendenza a sopravvalutare la disposizione mentale dell'individuo agente e contemporaneamente a sottovalutare i fattori situazionali. L'errore fondamentale di attribuzione è tipicamente evidente quando qualcuno osserva e interpreta il comportamento altrui.


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